Outline of Paper

  1. Abstract
  2. Introduction
  3. Understanding How to Trigger an Action Potential
  4. The Relationship Between Calcium and Action Potentials
  5. The Issues with Deep Brain Stimulation
  6. Principles of Neural Stimulation through Nanoparticles
  7. Quantum-Dot Optogenetic Stimulation
  8. Magneto-Thermal Stimulation
  9. Magneto-Electric Stimulation
  10. Upconverting Nanoparticle Optogenetic Stimulation
  11. Infrared Photo-Thermal Nanorod Stimulation
  12. Magneto-Mechanical Stimulation
  13. Note on Carbon Nanotube Microelectrode Stimulation
  14. Obstacles
  15. Best Method — Personal Opinion
  16. Conclusion

1. Abstract

This review paper conclusively outlines the different approaches for minimally invasive deep brain stimulation through nanoparticles. The common principle involves an external primary stimulus (magnetic field, light or ultrasound) interacting with a specific nanoparticle to generate a localized secondary stimulus (heat, )…

Trying out an a new article style — let me know what you think by emailing me at aahaanmaini@gmail.com

My Proposal: Artificial Red Blood Cell

More specifically, polyethylene glycol-polylactic acid copolymer nanocapsule encapsulating polyhemoglobin-superoxide dismutase-catalase-carbonic anhydrase, Apabetalone, the chemical inhibitor of CD47-SIRPα, Cyclodextrin-statin, Aliskiren and Midodrine. The nanocapsule’s surface is configured with polyethylene glycol, oxLDL, tissue plasminogen activator, various antibodies, bradykinin receptors and renin receptors.

Since the beginning of time, we humans have always been explorers. From simple discoveries like fire to the transition from the stone age to the iron age to the age of technology today, everything was created by our need to explore. We need to challenge the norm.

We are built to grow, to dream big, to challenge everything around us. Only by exploring can we understand everything we are missing and work towards achieving it. We need to explore further. Farther. Smaller?

Now we are in a stage where exploring farther means outside our planet. We have already put a…

You are on your way to the grocery store. You open your phone, enter a location and call a car to come to pick you up and take you there.

Once the car arrives, you climb in the back, buckle up and say hi to the driver. But there is no response. So you ask again: “Hey, do you know where I’d like to go?” Still no response.

You then lean over and see… no one. The driver’s seat is empty. Completely empty. Then just as you start to turn around, the doors close and the car starts moving.


I, as well as other experts in the field of nanotechnology often exclaim that it is so revolutionary and that it can solve this problem and that problem, that it can make existing inventions obsolete, and so on. A lot of you probably think this is just ALL BARK, NO BITE.

Well today, I am here to back up MY BARK, WITH SOME BITE.

In order to gain some experience and learn more in nanotechnology, I decided to model and simulate a DNA origami nanostructure, which can be used to develop much less harmful and more efficient treatments for various…

This article gets pretty scientific in some parts, consider bookmarking it, brushing up your knowledge on targeted drug delivery and then returning to get maximum value.

Nanotechnology has been viewed as one of the most innovative technologies of our generation, with the potential to revolutionize our future.

However, very few people understand what Nanotechnology truly is. Let’s start off by breaking it down into nano and technology. The word technology isn’t just iPhones or Cloud Computing, but rather it is the branch of knowledge that deals with applied sciences.

The nano in nanotechnology gets a little more complicated. Everything to…


The “Future,” such a pristine word that is described as a place with flying cars, AI and robotic workers and more Sci-Fi elements. But what if I told you, that we are already in The “Future.”

Take a moment to look around the room or space you are in, and think about how many of them incorporate electricity, a motherboard or any other electronic component. Now comparing this to 25 years ago, it is a jump from almost nothing to dozens and possibly even hundreds. Back then, this is “The Future” everyone was dreaming of. All due to electronics.



One of mankind’s biggest achievements was putting a human on the Moon. After decades of research, experiments and technological developments, on July 21, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped on the surface of the Moon.

One of the most important aspects of the journey was the rocket propulsion system used. In the early 1970s, Chemical Rocket Propulsion systems were groundbreaking and they completely redefined the limits of Space exploration. However, since then, several new rocket propulsion systems have been developed, and with them, new goals for the future.

The main five systems that will be discussed in detail are Chemical Rockets, Ion…


A world where all diseases have cures and where we are able to design the genetically perfect child. It is no longer a dream, but rather a reality thanks to the revolutionary technology of Prime Editing.

Prime Editing is a genome editing technology that writes new genetic information and replaces it in specified DNA sites. The way Prime Editing works is by using Cas9 attached to a prime-editing-guided RNA (pegRNA) along with a reverse transcriptase.

Before detailing the process of Prime Editing, it is important to understand each component and its function.

Cas9 stands for CRISPR associated protein 9, and…

Aahaan Maini

15-year-old Nanotechnology enthusiast whose mission is to use technology to solve real-world problems.

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